Prof. Caroline Colijn

Research Interests

• Infectious Disease Modelling
• Computational techniques
• Mathematical Biology
• Evolution

Education

• Ph.D in Applied Mathematics

University of Waterloo

Events Featuring This Speaker

Infectious disease modelling in the time of COVID

Grand Ballroom

The COVID-19 pandemic has made some ideas in infectious disease modelling household names: $R_0$, $R_t$ and herd immunity were very much in the public eye for many months. But the pandemic also raised new challenges for infectious disease modelling. Much of ““classical”” infectious disease modelling focused on setting up a model, determining its (usually local asymptotic) behaviour, and discovering how its basic reproduction number depended on its parameters. But in the era of the pandemic, we need models that can help us interpret data in real time, that can cope with heterogeneity, that are suitable for modelling feasible actions at a range of scales, and we need models that can incorporate data describing viral diversity. Some of the challenges call for juxtapositions of mechanistic models and statistical models, describing the distributions of variables we can observe. In this talk, I will describe new modelling and estimation approaches that we have developed in this context. First, I will introduce ““eventR””, which is like a basic reproduction number for a specific event, and outline how it can be used to help compare strategies for preventing transmission. Next, I will describe a mechanistic-statistical model with which we can estimate a key parameter for any infectious disease simulation: the per unit time, per contact transmission rate, as long as we know enough about the transmission setting. I will link these two through an analysis of the cluster size distributions in schools in four Canadian provinces in 2021, and will describe and interpret our findings about the transmission rates. Finally, I will discuss the broader challenges for infectious disease modelling in this pandemic and beyond.

Biography

My work is at the interface of mathematics and the epidemiology and evolution of pathogens. I hold an Canada 150 Research Chair in Mathematics for Evolution, Infection and Public Health. In my group we develop mathematical tools connecting sequence data to the ecology and evolution of infections. I also have a long-standing interest on the dynamics of diverse interacting pathogens. For example, how does the interplay between co-infection, competition and selection drive the development of antimicrobial resistance? To answer these questions, my group is building new approaches to analyzing and comparing phylogenetic trees derived from sequence data, studying tree space and branching processes, and developing ecological and epidemiological models with diversity in mind.